Structure function relationships of dUTPases

dUTPase, a key enzyme in processes preventing uracyl incorporation in DNA, is present in all prokaryotes and eukaryotes. It is a potential target protein against cancer cells, Mycobacteria and Plasmodia. In a cooperation with the Laboratory of Genome Metabolism and Repair of the Institute of Enzymology, RCNS HAS and Biostruct Laboratory of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics we contributed various crystallographic projects by assisting in structure solution model building and refinement.
Effects of various functionally important residues were clarified using the structures of mutant dUTPases. Asp28, a conserved residue of dUPTase was previously thought to participate in coordination of Mg2+ cofactor. The structure Asp28Asn mutant revealed that its role is more complex. The small disruption of the hydrogen binding network in the Asp28Asn form had far reaching conformational effect causing mobilization of the C-terminal segment of the neighbouring subunit of the trimeric enzyme, responsible for stabilizing the phosphate chain of the substrate. We studied the effect of the interaction of the uracyl ring of the substrate and the conserved aromatic residue of dUTPase on the catalytic activity. Structures of H145W and H145A mutant forms of Mycobacterium tuberculosis dUTPase in comparison with the native enzyme together with solution kinetic studies led to the conclusion that this interaction highly contributes to the stabilization of the transition state of the phosphate ester hydrolysis reaction. The structural studies include dUTPase of Mason-Pfizer monkey betaretrovirus, a fusion protein containing the nucleocapsid domain as well.

Duptase Human Retr

Comparison of the structures of human and retroviral dUTPases

Laboratory of Genome Metabolism and Repair of the Institute of Enzymology, RCNS of the Hungarian Academy Sciences, Budapest
Biostruct Laboratory of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest

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